fracture

   1. A break or secondary discontinuity in the rock mass, whether or not there has been relative movement across it. Faults, thrusts, and joints are all fractures, but bedding planes, which are primary features, are not. In a more strictly hydrogeological context the term has been used to classify voids in the size range 0.1 to 10 mm [9].
   2. Breakage of rock strata [16].
   3. The general term for any mechanical discontinuity in the rock; it is, therefore, the collective term for joints, faults, cracks, etc. See also conduit; fissure.

A Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology with Special Reference to Environmental Karst Hydrology. . 2002.

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  • fracture — [ fraktyr ] n. f. • 1391; fraiture fin XIIe; lat. fractura, de frangere → fraction 1 ♦ Vx Rupture avec violence, avec effort. ⇒ bris. État de ce qui est fracturé, rompu. ⇒ cassure. Mod. Géol. Cassure de l écorce terrestre. ⇒ 2. faille; coupure.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Fracture — Frac ture (?; 135), n. [L. fractura, fr. frangere, fractum, to break: cf. F. fracture. See {Fraction}.] 1. The act of breaking or snapping asunder; rupture; breach. [1913 Webster] 2. (Surg.) The breaking of a bone. [1913 Webster] 3. (Min.) The… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fracture — Разработчики Day 1 Studios …   Википедия

  • Fracture — Frac ture (?; 135), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Fractured} (#; 135); p. pr. & vb. n.. {Fracturing}.] [Cf. F. fracturer.] To cause a fracture or fractures in; to break; to burst asunder; to crack; to separate the continuous parts of; as, to fracture a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fracture — bezeichnet: den US amerikanischen Thriller Das perfekte Verbrechen (Fracture) aus dem Jahr 2007 den Titel des neuseeländischen Films Fracture (2004) aus dem Jahr 2004 ein Shooter Videospiel Fracture (Spiel) von Lucas Arts Diese …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • fracture — Fracture. s. f. Rupture avec effort. Fracture de portes. il y a fracture à l os …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • fracture — [frak′chər] n. [ME < OFr < L fractura, a breaking, breach, cleft < pp. of frangere, BREAK] 1. a breaking or being broken 2. a break, crack, or split 3. a break in a body part, esp. in a bone, or a tear in a cartilage: see COMPOUND… …   English World dictionary

  • fracturé — fracturé, ée (fra ktu ré, rée) part. passé de fracturer. Un membre fracturé …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • fracture — (n.) early 15c., a breaking of a bone, from M.Fr. fracture (14c.), from L. fractura a breach, break, cleft, from fractus, pp. of frangere to break (see FRACTION (Cf. fraction)). The verb is first recorded 1610s (implied in fractured). Related:… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Fracture — Fracture. См. Разрушение. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • fracture — index hiatus, rend, rift (gap), split (noun), split (verb) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

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